Why Are There Such Breathe Taking Fall Colours in New Brunswick, Canada?

Fall in New Brunswick, Canada / L’automne au N...

Image by New Brunswick Tourism | Tourisme Nouveau-Brunswick via Flickr

Autumn is arriving in New Brunswick with a vibrant array of fall colors! Some trees are already starting the change over, which can take a few weeks to complete.

Since New Brunswick has an abundance of trees, it is no surprise that we have some of the most excellent colors in Canada. Our sugar maples, already famous for the delicious maple syrup they produce in the spring, are the same trees responsible for some of the beautiful wide range of color in the autumn season.

The Acadian forest region of New Brunswick has a wide variety of tree species that, in autumn, provide a brilliant spectrum from green to red, orange, and yellow with an assorted mix of soft wood and hardwood. Fortunately, New Brunswick contains the greatest amount of Acadian forest in the Maritimes, distinguishing it as the ultimate autumn destination. Most of New Brunswick’s forest area is considered Acadian Forest. Acadian forest is tree growth from two hundred to eight hundred years old.

So what causes all this color?

New Brunswick’s perfect weather conditions are the direct cause along with a lack of chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is the chemical inside a leaf that interacts with the sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make food for the plant to grow. In the spring and summer there is plenty of chlorophyll to go around due to warm temperatures and water therefore giving trees their lovely green colors.

In the autumn, when the amount of daylight is shorter, and the temperatures are cooling down especially at night, the amount of chlorophyll diminishes slowing food production. Along with chlorophyll a tree contains two more chemicals; carotenoids and anthocyanins. Since the chemical chlorophyll is very dominant, it is only when it diminishes in autumn do the other two chemicals have a chance to show themselves.

The chemical cartenoid is responsible for the yellow and orange coloring on leaves but the bright reds and purples are directly related to the amount of anthocyanin present in the leaf. The presence of anthocyanin can vary depending on amounts of sunlight the early Autumn weather brings. Weather with lots of warm sunny days followed by dry cool nights near the freezing point, usually means colors will be vibrant and abundant across the province as usual.

As the colors fade and food production slows and eventually stops, the leaves detach themselves from the tree and fall to the ground. Evergreens, have a waxy coating on their needles that protects them from the cold temperatures and remain green through the cold temperatures that winter can bring.

Once the leaves are turned color in New Brunswick there is a short time frame when they can be viewed before they start to lose their brilliancy. It is usually a two-week span but sometimes longer if there is very little wind and rain. Generally, the last week of September through the first full week of October usually bring awesome color for the avid leaf peeper.

There really isn’t one specific area in New Brunswick where the leaves are showier than others. There are however different areas of the province that start to turn color before others, due to weather patterns and temperatures at night. So get ready for the show…it’s about to begin!

Kathy Boone has worked in the New Brunswick tourism industry for over five years. Having been born and raised in New Brunswick, Canada, she is more than qualified to guide your vacation plans to her beautiful home province. Visit Kathy’s website http://www.travel-new-brunswick-canada.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Kathy_Boone

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