Bay of Fundy Rock Hounding: Where Continents Collide!

Fundy National Park, New Brunswick, Canada. Po...

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While the Bay of Fundy’s massive tides slowly chip away at the towering coastal cliffs and wash the shores, quite a few important rocks, zeolites and semi-precious stones are revealed day by day. As such, the Bay of Fundy is regarded as a rock hounder’s paradise.

On the shores near Parrsboro, Nova Scotia, mineral treasures like, for example, amethyst and agate aren’t unusual discoveries. Parrsboro is also the place to find the Fundy Geological Museum, where people have a chance to examine mineral terminals, view some of the oldest dinosaur bones in Canada, as well as the earth’s first reptiles.

Plan a visit to New Brunswick‘s Fundy National Park and view two different tale-telling rock clusters. While the beige and greyish rocks spotted near Owls Head are made of sandstone, the volcanic rocks close to Point Wolfe show the relocation of our continents, and they’re made from white coloured quartz veins, swirling folds and also criss-crossing cracks. The older rocks in this national park are situated near Point Wolfe. The Caledonia Highlands, which are as old as the Ice Age, may also be seen in Fundy National Park.

Recently, in the Fall season of 2010, a region neighbouring St. John, New Brunswick, had the honour to be named as the 1st UNESCO acknowledged Geopark in all of Canada and the USA. The Stonehammer Geopark stretches east along the Fundy Trail Parkway, west at the Lepreau Waterfalls and stretches inland as far as Norton, Hampton and Grand Bay-Westfield.

Stonehammer’s tagline is “A Billion Years of Stories” and this could not be more spot-on. From an observation patio beside Saint John’s Harbour Passage, visitors look across the Reversing Rapids gorge to a pair of continents which ran into each other thousands of years earlier. Taking a look across the gorge, the rocks at the left hand side originate from the Cambrian period (somewhere around five hundred million years of age) while the lighter grey rocks to the right hand side originate from the Precambrian age (seven hundred and fifty million-1.2 billion years old).

Stonehammer contains rocks of the majority of the geologic eras except for the Tertiary and Jurassic eras. Some other Stonehammer Geopark visitors attractions include the Irving Nature Park, Rockwood Park, Dominion Park, Tucker Park, Fort Howe and King Square West. One can find over two hundred possible sites of geological significance through this 2800 km2 region.

If you want to know more, we encourage you to check out our section on the Bay of Fundy Geology.

Mike Postma writes for the online Bay of Fundy authority website BayofFundy.com. It offers you complete travel advice for a Bay of Fundy vacation in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Maine. The Bay of Fundy is known for the world’s highest tides, whale watching, its unique geology and more.

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